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Acta Geodynamica et Geomaterialia

Authors: Tavakolipour Masoud and Salemi Niloofar
DOI: 10.13168/AGG.2021.0030
Journal: Acta Geodynamica et Geomaterialia, Vol. 18, No. 4 (204), Prague 2021
Full Text: PDF file (0.4 MB)
Keywords: Soil Stabilization, Halloysite Nanotubes, Unconfined Compressive Strength, Wet/dry Durability, Freeze/thaw Durability
Abstract: In this study the compressive strength and durability of soft clay soil stabilized with halloysite nanotubes are investigated. Halloysite nanotubes are novel 1D natural nanomaterials which are widely used in reinforcing polymer, pollution remediation, and as nanoreactors for biocatalyst. The wide use of halloysite nanotubes is due to their high aspect ratio, appropriate mechanical strength, high thermal stability, nature-friendly and cost-effectiveness. However, the use of halloysite nanotubes as a stabilizing agent for improving the durability of soil is not clear. In this research, halloysite nanotubes was used in the amounts of 2%, 5% and 10% by the weight of dried soil. Unconfined compressive strength, wet/dry cycles and freeze/thaw cycles tests were performed to evaluate the strength and durability of stabilized soft clay soil. Experimental results showed that halloysite nanotubes considerably improves the compressive strength and durability of soft clay soil. The optimum amount of halloysite nanotubes for soil stabilizing in terms of compressive strength and durability was 5%. The compressive strength of soft clay increased as much as 129% by applying 5% halloysite nanotubes. Also, the specimen containing 5% halloysite nanotubes showed the least strength loss after wet/dry and freeze/thaw cycles. The soil sample containing 5% halloysite nanotubes lost 20% of its initial compressive strength after 8 cycles of freezing and thawing, while the soil sample without any halloysite content lost 100% of its compressive strength after the same number of freezing and thawing. Based on the obtained results, the use of halloysite nanotubes in order to enhance the strength and durability of soft clay is strongly recommended.