Department of Materials Structure and Properties
Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics of the ASCR, v.v.i.
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Thematic research focus
Processing of biomass, waste plastics and coal
Use of bioashes
Physical methods of raw-material processing Instrumental analyses and molecular modelling
The Department of Material Structure and Properties studies the relationships between structure and properties of inorganic and organic materials as well as methods for their preparation. It develops energy-efficient production processes and environmental technologies. Individual research fields with application potential are focused on alumino-silicate materials and geopolymers, carbonaceous products and metal materials with magnetic properties. A traditional field of research is the thermal processing of coal, biomass and waste plastics.
Chemistry and geopolymer technologies: preparation of new geopolymer materials; use of bioashes from biomass combustion for the nutrient-enrichment of soils; material assessment of historical mortars and plasters for restoration purposes; research on the microstructure and
the micromechanical properties of geopolymer composites.
organic waste treatment; methods of cogasifi cation of coal with organic wastes for energy purposes; methods of hydrogen production from renewable sources. A new research direction is the preparation of catalysts for organic waste thermal decomposition.
Magnetic materials: creation of
strong magnetic fi elds from rareearth permanent magnets for various
applications; construction of highly efficient fi lters and magnetic separators. The assembled magnetic filters and separators are used in technological lines of rawmaterial and ceramicmass treatment industrial plants.