Department of Geochemistry
Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics of the CAS

Services & Expertise International Cooperation Center of Texture Analysis
Basic Information Research Activities Most important results Projects

The impact of saline mine water on fate of mineral elements and organic matter: The case study of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin

The work presented here provides a complex environmental impact of sediments in vicinity to the area of the former Lazy coal mine site in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Czech Republic). The main aim of this work has been to determine the degree of contamination, to describe the organic matter, and to carry out sorption isotherms to see the size and distribution of pores in the monitored sediments that are the crucial parameters to assumption of removal mechanisms of elements carried in mine water. The results show that the greatest enrichment of Mn, Sr, Ba, and was in sediments of the first tens of meters from the mine water discharge sediments. Ba and Sr were precipitated as mineral barite and thus formed a dominant insoluble component in the river sediments, which were further carried by water flow towards the water reservoirs. Predominant amounts of fossil material and smaller quantities of carbonized and recent organic matter were altered by weathering and erosion processes. The coal materials have a relatively beneficial sorption capacity, which increases with the carbon content. The overburden waste should be considered for use in removing heavy metals in-situ.

Publication:: Vöröš D., Řimnáčová D., Medvecká L., Geršlová E., Mercedes Díaz-Somoano M., (2021). The impact of saline mine water on fate of mineral elements and organic matter: The case study of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin. Chemosphere 284, 131397. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131397.

Graphical abstract

Further important publications and outputs

Perná I., Novotná M., Řimnáčová. D., Šupová M., (2020). New Metakaolin-Based Geopolymers with the Addition of Different Types of Waste Stone Powder. Crystals 11, 983. DOI: 10.3390/cryst11080983

Klimeš J., Novotný J., Rapre A. C., Balek J., Zahradníček, P., Strozzi T., Sana H., Frey H., René M., Štěpánek P., Meitner J., Junghardt J., (2021). Paraglacial Rock Slope Stability Under Changing Environmental Conditions, Safuna Lakes, Cordillera Blanca Peru Frontiers in Earth Science 9, 607277, 1–24. DOI: 10.3389/feart.2021.607277

Mach K., Rapprich V., Faměra M., Havelcová M., Matys Grygar T., Novotný T., Řehoř M., Erban Kochergina Y.V., (2021). Crandallite-rich beds of the Libkovice Member, Most Basin, Czech Republic: climatic extremes or paleogeographic changes at the onset of the Miocene Climatic Optimum? Geologica Acta, 19.11, 1-29, I-X.

Kříbek B., Bičáková O., Sýkorová I., Havelcová M., Veselovský F., Knésl I., Mészárosová N., (2021). Experimental pyrolysis of metalliferous coal: A contribution to the understanding of pyrometamorphism of organic matter and sulfides during coal waste heaps fires. International Journal of Coal Geology 245, 103817. DOI:10.1016/j.coal.2021.103817

Suchý V., Borecká L., Pachnerová Brabcová K., Havelcová M., Světlík I., Machovič V., Lapčák L., Sonková A. Z., (2021). Microbial signatures from speleothems: A petrographic and scanning electron microscopy study of coralloids from the Koněprusy Caves (the Bohemian Karst, Czech Republic). Sedimentology. DOI:

Rýglová Š., Braun M., Hříbal M., Suchý T., Vöröš D., (2021). The proportion of the key components analysed in collagen-based isolates from fish and mammalian tissues processed by different protocols. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 103, 104059. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfca.2021.104059

Krausová, I., Mizera, J., Řanda, Z., Chvátil, D., Krist, P., (2021). Instrumental Photon Activation Analysis with Short-Time Irradiation for Geochemical Research. Minerals. 11, 617. DOI: 10.3390/min11060617

X. Ju, M. Hubálek Kalbáčová, B. Šmíd, V. Johánek, M. Janata, T. N. Dinhová, T. Bělinová, M. Mazur, M. Vorokhta, L. Strnad, (2021). Poly(acrylic acid)-mediated synthesis of cerium oxide nanoparticles with tuneable oxidation state and their effect on regulating intracellular ROS level, Journal of Materials Chemistry B 9 (36), 7386-7400. DOI: 10.1039/d1tb00706h. (Front cover page of issue)

M. Vorokhta, J. Morávková, M. Dopita, A. Zhigunov, M. Šlouf, R. Pilař, P. Sazama, Effect of micropores on CO2 capture in ordered mesoporous CMK-3 carbon at atmospheric pressure, Adsorption 27, 1221-1236. DOI: 10.1007/s10450-021-00322-y.

Y.V. Yakovlev, Y.V. Lobko, M. Vorokhta, J. Nováková, M. Mazur, I. Matolínová, V. Matolín, (2021). Ionomer content effect on charge and gas transport in the cathode catalyst layer of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources 490, 229531. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2021.229531

Recenzed papers:

Řimnáčová D., Vöröš D., Medvecká L., Geršlová E., 2021. Textural properties and organic matter in sediments from a hard coal mine landfill. Paliva 13, 30-34 (2021).

Vöröš, D., (2021). Těžké kovy v řece Bílině. Jak průmysl ovlivnil říční systém v Podkrušnohoří. [Heavy metals in the Bílina River. As the industry affected the river system in the Podkrušna Mountains.] Vesmír. Roč. 100, č. 7/8

Bauerová, P., Kracík Štorkánová M., Frankeová D., Slížková Z., Švarcová S., Havelcová M., Keppert M., (2021).What fixes architect’s reason and sense? Materials study of CTU façade mosaic mortar. AIP Conference Proceedings 2322, 020024.

Bauerová, P., Reiterman, P. , Mácová, P., Slížková, Z., Havelcová, M., Mahun, A., Švarcová, S., Keppert, M., (2021). Analytical techniques for detection of oil presence in mortar. Key Engineering Materials, 898.

List of publications 2021
List of publications 2020

Further publications in ASEPu database